Is living in a community good for our health? What Roseto tells us.
Numerous medical studies have underscored the benefits of long-term relationships in nurturing the health of both partners, but the most comprehensive of all the healthy communities studies dates back some 50 years. The study, entitled 'The Roseto Effect,: A 50-Year Comparison of Mortality Rates' is a long term look at how this closely knit, caring community experienced a documented, decades-long reduced rate of heart disease and other stress related illnesses regardless of their diet and exercise patterns. It is meticulously measured medical proof of the health benefits of living in a thriving community over two generations.
Roseto, Pennsylvania, settled by Italian immigrants from Southern Italy in 1882, was a closely knit community which emphasized family cohesion and importantly intergenerational support. The study, headed by Dr. Stewart Wolf, the Chairman of Medicine at the University of Oklahoma demonstrated conclusively that a socially cohesive community, where elders were revered and people were nurtured by others, recorded heart & stress related diseases far below the national average and the averages of neighboring towns, without such connection among community members.
Roseto became a “living laboratory” for social togetherness and a model for healthy communities, demonstrating that neighborliness was good BOTH for the general community AND the human body. In an updated report on the Roseto Effect the clear finding was that “mutual respect and cooperation contributed to the health and welfare of the community and its inhabitants.”
"Mutual respect and cooperation contributed to the health and welfare of the community and its inhabitants."
Dr. Stewart Wolf
The culture of cooperation prevailed, "and radiated a kind of joyous team spirit as they celebrated festivals and family landmarks” together. “People are nourished by other people,” Dr. Wolf found. Wolf’s medical conclusions went even further: “The characteristics of a tight knit community are better predictors of healthy hearts than low levels of serum cholestoral or tobacco use,” he wrote. “We looked at the social structure of healthy communities and found that they are characterised by stability and predictability. We also found that there were higher stress-related illnesses in isolated people; that the sense of being supported, reduced stress.”
The British Medical Journal reinforced Dr. Wolf’s cornerstone conclusions about the value of community and socialisation upon good health by finding that "people who perceive themselves as socially isolated, are two to five times at greater risk for premature death for all causes.” The British Journal went on to report that “social and productive pursuits are equivalent to and independent of the merits of exercise."
"The characteristics of a tight knit community are better predictors of healthy hearts than low levels of serum cholestoral or tobacco use."
Dr. Stewart Wolf
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